How to add JPopupMenu to JFrame and image as background of JFrame

In this example you can learn how to display an image as a background of JFrame and also display a popup menu. There are several ways to add image as background of JFrame but in this way you can use any size of image.

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.MediaTracker;
import java.awt.Toolkit;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;

public class BackGroundImage extends JFrame {

    int x, y;
    JDesktopPane desk;
    private Image img;
    JPopupMenu deskMenu;
    JMenuItem refreshMI, mit2, mit3;

public BackGroundImage() throws HeadlessException {
        Dimension dim = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getScreenSize();
        x = dim.width;
        y = dim.height;
        setSize(x, y);
        setTitle("Background image demo");
        desk = new JDesktopPane() {

            public void paintComponent(Graphics g) {
        // creating the popup menu items
        refreshMI = new JMenuItem("Refresh");
        mit2 = new JMenuItem("New");
        mit3 = new JMenuItem("Send to..");
        refreshMI.setBackground(new Color(205, 210, 195));
        //creating the popup menu which will display when user clicks the right mouse button
        deskMenu = new JPopupMenu();

        addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {

            public void mouseReleased(MouseEvent e) {
                if (e.isPopupTrigger()) {
          , e.getX(), e.getY());

    public void bakImage(Graphics g) {
        try {
            String s = "/images/images.jpg";//you need to place the image in images folder.
            Toolkit kit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();
            img = kit.getImage(getClass().getResource(s));
            img = img.getScaledInstance(1500, -1, Image.SCALE_FAST);
            MediaTracker t = new MediaTracker(this);
            t.addImage(img, 0);
            while (true) {
                try {
                } catch (Exception ee) {
            g.drawImage(img, 0, 0, x, y, null);

        } catch (Exception re) {
            System.out.println("nor found");

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new BackGroundImage().setVisible(true);


JFrame Background Image



Hello! I am Md. Abdul Bari; founder and admin of javaknowledge; currently providing training as a J2EE faculty in The Computers Ltd. Dhaka, Bangladesh under an IT Scholarship project provided by IDB-BISEW. I am a self learner and passionate about training and writing. I am always trying my best to share my knowledge through my blog.

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